Ovum Donation Programme

March 21, 2013 in Health

DONOR EGG IVF
DURING FETAL LIFE OVARIES OF A HUMAN FEMALE CONTAINS AROUND 7 MILLION OOCYTES.
AT BIRTH= 1 MILLION
AT PUBERTY= 4 00,000.

ONLY SOME 475 WILL OVULATE DURING THE REPRODUCTIVE YEARS. , THIS SHOWS THAT WITH AGE THERE IS A DIP IN FERTILITY

Egg donation is the process by which a woman provides one or several (usually 10-15) eggs (ovum- mature oocytes) for purposes of assisted reproduction . For assisted reproduction purposes, egg donation involves the process of in vitro fertilization as the eggs are fertilized in the laboratory. After the eggs have been obtained, the role of the egg donor is complete. Egg donation is part of the process of third party reproduction as part of ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology).

What Exactly is Donor Egg IVF?

Donor egg IVF is a fertility treatment or Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) in which the egg from a donor is subjected to IVF. That is, the egg from the donor is mixed with the sperm from the biological father in the laboratory. If embryos are produced, they are grown in a lab dish and then transferred to the recipient’s uterus. If this results in a pregnancy, the baby thus born will have genetic linkage to the donor of the egg.

Who Qualifies to Receive an Egg?

The criteria for women to qualify to receive eggs are:1.WOMAN WITHOUT OVARIES/ OVARIAN FUNCTION

  • Congenital absence of eggs
    • Turner Syndrome
    • Gonadal Dysgenesis
  • Acquired reduced egg quantity / quality
    • Oophorectomy
    • Premature menopause or premature ovarian failure(POF).
    • Chemotherapy
    • Radiation therapy
    • Autoimmunity
  • Resistant Ovary Syndrome
  • Woman with Ovarian Function
  • Ovaries inaccessible for egg retrieval
  • Very Low ovarian reserve
  • Repeated IVF Failures :-
    • Due to poor response to COH drugs
    • Advanced maternal age leads to poor egg quality.
    • Repeated failure of oocyte recovery
    • AT Sno we provide anonymous donor oocyte programme.The egg donors are carefully selected,counselled & screened for any diseases like HIV , chlamydia, hepatitis- HBsAg, hepatitis C antibodies, VDRL & Thalassemia testing and other diseases and also Karyotyping for certain genetic predispositions before being accepted on to the Programme. Each egg donor is required to undergo a thorough medical examination, including a pelvic exam, blood draw to check hormone levels and to test for infectious diseases, and an ultrasound to examine her ovaries, uterus and other pelvic organs. In addition, she will be referred to a psychologist who will evaluate if she is mentally prepared to undertake and complete the donation process. These evaluations are necessary to ensure that the donor is fully prepared and capable of completing the donation cycle safely and successfully.

      The donor is usually young, not more than 28 years of age, so that the quality of the eggs is high. We prefer parous donors for both psychological reasons & success rates are higher with fertile donors. Once Egg donors are recruited& screened, they give consent prior to participation in the IVF process. The donor must sign the Egg Donor Contract which specifies the rights of the donor with respect to the conceived child and the recipient. In this contract the donor agrees to undergo a thorough medical and psychological screening, genetic testing, and social diseases (i.e. HIV). Also, it specifies that the egg recipient and the father of the child are the legal parents.

      Legal documents are signed renouncing rights of ownership and custody on the part of the donor, so that there can be no claims on the part of the donor concerning the offspring.The Recipient woman & her husband will be the Legal Parent for all purposes.

      Sno does its best in taking the wishes of the Recipient Couple into account while selecting a donor. we try to match the physical characterstics, nationality & blood group as closely as possible to the Recipient Couple.

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